(Primary Health Care) प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य संरक्षण
Definition and Principles (परिभाषा एवं सिद्धान्त) :-
Primary health care is defined as :-
“Essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally assessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-determination”.
Elements of primary health care
(प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य संरक्षण के महत्वपूर्ण अंग)-
The Alma-Ata declaration stated the 8 elements of primary health care.
1. Education about prevailing health problems and methods of preventing and controlling them.
2. Promotion of food supply and proper nutrition.
3. An adequate supply of safe water and basic senitation.
4. Maternal and child health care, including family planning.
5. Immunization against infectious diseases.
6. Prevention and control of endèmic diseases.
7. Appropriate treatment of common diseases and injuries.
8. Provision of essential drugs.
Primary Health Center (PHC)
(प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य केंद्र)
- The national health plan (1983) proposed organisation of PHCs on the basis of one PHC for every 30000 population in the plains and for 20000 in hilly, tribal and backward areas.
Community Health Centres (CHCs)
(सामुदायिक स्वास्थ्य केंद्र)
- There is one CHC in each community development block i.e., for a population of 80000 to 1.2 lakh.
- Each CHC has 30 beds and specialists in surgery, medicine, obstetrics and gynecology and paediatrics with Xray and lab facility.
- The specialist at the CHC may refer a patient directly to the state level hospital or the nearest medical college.
Role of Ayurveda in Primary Health Care in India
(आयुर्वेद चिकित्सा पद्धति का प्राथमिक स्वास्थ्य संरक्षण में योगदान)
- Ayurveda have a great role in primary health care of people in India.
- There are more than three lakhs Ayurvedic physicians in India.
- More than 90% of Ayurvedic physicians serve the rural areas where the medical facilities are rare.
- Most of these doctors are local residents and remain very close to the people socially and culturally.
- After the establishment of C.C.I.M. (Central Council of Indian Medicine) in 1971, the practice of Ayurveda is regulated under goverment authority.
- The Ayurvedic doctors are trained in Ayurveda as well as in allopathy so they can serve the people according to need.
- Besides doctors, Indian public have the traditional knowledge of Ayurveda.
- They know the concepts of prevention in Ayurveda i.e., daily regimen (Dincharya), seasonal regimen (Ritu charya) and concepts of diet.
- Thus Ayurveda has the major role in prevention of diseases by using its principles in day to day life.
- Many Ayurvedic drugs are used as home remedies in many ailments like cough, cold, fever, pain abdomen etc.
- Ayurveda is flourshing in India. In future it will serve the public better when the people understand the Ayurveda and its utility.